6 Essential landscaping terms

by Carolyn Andrews 01/28/2024

If you’re just getting started with landscaping, it can seem as if it has a language all its own. While landscape designers use specialized terminology to describe the ins and outs of their work, most of the important language overlaps with gardening, architecture and real estate. This means you might already know more about landscaping styles and features than you think!

Regardless of your experience level or goals, knowing the right terms can help you understand the key elements of landscaping. To help, here is a guide to some of the most important terms to know:


Perennial is a term used to describe plants that only need to be planted once to grow and bloom every year. Perennial plants and flowers can last multiple years and even decades with the right conditions and care. Well-established perennials are low maintenance landscape features that can increase your property value, whether located in your front yard or backyard.


As a contrast to perennial plants, annual plants only last one season. This type of plant includes many of the most popular flowering shrubs for increasing curb appeal in outdoor spaces. Annuals make a great landscaping choice for homeowners who like to change the aesthetics of their property’s landscaping regularly.


Deciduous trees or shrubs lose their leaves every winter. However, unlike annual flowers, they don’t need to be replanted every year. Instead, deciduous trees go dormant during the cold season and wake up again in the spring with new growth. Deciduous trees are popular landscaping features for creating shade and adding visual interest to an outdoor space.


Evergreen trees hold on to their leaves or needles all year long. Some popular evergreen shrubs used in landscaping are boxwood, arborvitae and holly. Tall trees like firs, spruce and pine are perfect for adding year-round privacy to landscape design.

Some other evergreen trees like Southern magnolia produce flowers during the spring and summer, but keep their rich green foliage all year.


Hardscape is a term used in landscaping and exterior design to mean any of the non-living or human-made elements in the landscape. Architectural features like paved patios count as hardscape elements, as do retaining walls, pathways and decorative rock features. Hardscape also includes the fixed features surrounding a swimming pool, permanent fire pit or zen garden.


In landscaping language, the softscape refers to all the living elements in an outdoor space. This includes trees, shrubs, flowers, grass and other vegetation. Depending on the style of landscape architecture, softscape elements can serve as a focal point or simply tie the design together.

Whether your goals are to impress potential buyers with amazing curb appeal, or create a personal oasis in your backyard, knowing these key landscaping terms will help you on your journey.

About the Author

Carolyn Andrews

Carolyn Andrews has over 30 years licensed Brokerage experience in both California and Colorado. Born in England, Carolyn moved to California in 1980, then relocated to Denver, Colorado in 1991. Carolyn has also received recognition for Top Sales at RE/MAX Alliance Aurora in 2007-2008 and is a member of the RE/MAX Hall of Fame & Chairman’s Club, as well as a recipient of the ReMax Lifetime Achievement Award. Carolyn has sold over 2000 homes personally in her career. Carolyn has been actively involved in many aspects of the Real Estate business including investment property, luxury homes, mountain resort property, skiin/ski out, REO/default management, loss mitigation, valuations, and disposition. She has been a speaker and panelist at several conferences and has been consulted on many occasions by various organizations in the REO/financial industries for her expertise and served on many boards. She has attended numerous ongoing classes to stay abreast of changes in the ever-evolving Real Estate industry. She is the prior State Director for Colorado for VAREP(Veterans Association of Real Estate Professionals). She is a member of 3 boards of Realtors including Metro Denver, Colorado Springs and Summit County mountain areas. She heads up The Andrews Group and is or has been an active member of NAR, CAR,REOMAC, CIPS, CRS, AREAA, NAPW, NAHREP, and is an original member of the ELITEReal Estate network. She was ranked #1 for most homes sold in Denver 2007 by Denver Board of Realtors, #2 for 2008, and #2 for 2009, #5 in 2010 and #4 in 2011 and has been consistently in the top 10 ever since. Carolyn Andrews has been a top rated Endorsed Local Provider for the Dave Ramsey Organization and also a Top Producing agent for 2018 for the Homelight Company.